Canada remains one of the most peaceful countries in the world according to the 2015 Global Peace Index, which ranked Canada seventh out of 162 countries.

Developed by the Institute for Economics and Peace, The Global Peace Index uses 23 quantitative and qualitative indicators to determine rankings, including: violent crime, access to weapons, homicide, displaced people and terrorism impact. The indicators can be grouped into three broad themes: level of safety and security, number of international and domestic conflicts and degree of militarization.

The organization and its index receive strong support from the international community including the United Nations, Amnesty International and world-leading advocates for peace, including the Dali Lama and Archbishop Desmond Tutu.

The world is less peaceful compared to 2008

In 2014, violence cost the world approximately US$14.3 trillion, or 13.4% of global GDP, and the number of people killed by terrorist attacks jumped to 20,000 compared with an average of 2,000 deaths annually just 10 years ago. Overall, OECD countries are becoming more peaceful, while the situation for developing nations has become worse since 2008. The index placed countries in one out of five categories of peacefulness, ranging from very high to very low.

  • In the very-high category, Canada (7) ranks among the world's 25 most peaceful countries including Iceland (1), Denmark (2) and the Netherlands (20).
  • The United Kingdom (39) joins countries including Chile (29) and Italy (36) in the high category.
  • The United States (94) trails Panama (64) and Liberia (78) in the medium category.
  • The low category includes countries such as Myanmar (130), Mexico (144) and Yemen (147).
  • In the very low category are conflict-stricken nations such as North Korea (153), Somalia (157) and Syria (162).

The report also links positive peace, (defined as the absence of negative force such as violence and justice for all), to improvement in economic development outcomes.

 

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July 22, 2015

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